There is an unfortunate misconception that religion and science are like oil and water. Exacerbating this claim, it is often said that the Catholic Church has even been antithetical to science. This wild hypothesis is then proven anecdotally (not scientifically) using the celebrated case of Galileo, often only partially supplying the facts of that case. (A counter-anecdote is the father of genetics, Gregor Mendel, who was also an Ausgustinian monk; another is the founder of the Big Bang Theory, Georges LeMaitre, who was also a Catholic priest.)
Over time, I hope to flesh out some areas of this subject on this web page, in hopes of facilitating a better understanding between scientists and Christians. In the mean time, I recommend an excellent reference: Dr. Peter Hodgson, professor in Physics at the Corpus Christi Unversity in Oxford has an excellent series on Science and Belief. There is an hour-long audio overview which supports the claim that not only is Christianity not antithetical to science, it is necessary for the development of modern science. Dr. Hodgson also considers some particular areas of science and some consequences of this claim in a series of lectures. This has been developed as an online self-study course that you can purchase to learn more.